基于java实现mongodb的数据库连接池--威尼斯人娱乐场官网
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分类:java 发表时间:2014-03-31 10:55:00 作者:威尼斯人在线金钻官网
mongodbjava连接池实现

转载请注明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/威尼斯人在线金钻官网/article/details/22652239

MongoDB是介于关系数据库和非关系数据库之间的一种产品,文件的存储格式为BSON(一种JSON的扩展),关于MongoDB的其他介绍请参考百度百科  http://baike.baidu.com/subview/3385614/9338179.htm 

        关于mongodb的下载安装以及一些基本的命令操作可以参照  http://user.qzone.qq.com/425627233/2

这里就主要介绍一样在Java中通过使用mongo-2.7.3.jar这个jar包实现mongodb连接池的实现,具体的java代码实现如下:

数据库连接池配置参数:

 /**  
 *@Description:  mongo连接池配置文件
 */ 
package cn.lulei.mongo.pool;  
  
public class MongoConfig {
	
	private static String userName;//用户名
	private static String pwd;//密码
	private static String[] host;//主机地址
	private static int[] port;//端口地址
	private static String dbName;//数据库名
	private static int connectionsPerHost = 20;//每台主机最大连接数
	private static int threadsAllowedToBlockForConnectionMultiplier = 10;//线程队列数
	private static boolean authentication = false;//是否需要身份验证
	
	public static String getUserName() {
		return userName;
	}
	public static void setUserName(String userName) {
		MongoConfig.userName = userName;
	}
	public static String getPwd() {
		return pwd;
	}
	public static void setPwd(String pwd) {
		MongoConfig.pwd = pwd;
	}
	public static String[] getHost() {
		return host;
	}
	public static void setHost(String[] host) {
		MongoConfig.host = host;
	}
	public static int[] getPort() {
		return port;
	}
	public static void setPort(int[] port) {
		MongoConfig.port = port;
	}
	public static String getDbName() {
		return dbName;
	}
	public static void setDbName(String dbName) {
		MongoConfig.dbName = dbName;
	}
	public static int getConnectionsPerHost() {
		return connectionsPerHost;
	}
	public static void setConnectionsPerHost(int connectionsPerHost) {
		MongoConfig.connectionsPerHost = connectionsPerHost;
	}
	public static int getThreadsAllowedToBlockForConnectionMultiplier() {
		return threadsAllowedToBlockForConnectionMultiplier;
	}
	public static void setThreadsAllowedToBlockForConnectionMultiplier(
			int threadsAllowedToBlockForConnectionMultiplier) {
		MongoConfig.threadsAllowedToBlockForConnectionMultiplier = threadsAllowedToBlockForConnectionMultiplier;
	}
	public static boolean isAuthentication() {
		return authentication;
	}
	public static void setAuthentication(boolean authentication) {
		MongoConfig.authentication = authentication;
	}
}

数据库连接池管理类:

 /**  
 *@Description: mongo数据库连接池管理类
 */ 
package cn.lulei.mongo.pool;  

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import com.mongodb.DB;
import com.mongodb.DBCollection;
import com.mongodb.Mongo;
import com.mongodb.MongoOptions;
import com.mongodb.ReadPreference;
import com.mongodb.ServerAddress;
  
public class MongoManager {
	
	private static Mongo mongo;
	private DB db;
	
	static{
		init();
	}
	
	/**
	* @param dbName
	* @param userName
	* @param pwd
	* 实例化dbName一个DB
	 */
	public MongoManager(String dbName, String userName, String pwd) {
		if (dbName == null || "".equals(dbName)) {
			throw new NumberFormatException("dbName is null");
		}
		db = mongo.getDB(dbName);
		if(MongoConfig.isAuthentication() && !db.isAuthenticated()){
			if (userName == null || "".equals(userName)) {
				throw new NumberFormatException("userName is null");
			}
			if (pwd == null || "".equals(pwd)) {
				throw new NumberFormatException("pwd is null");
			}
			db.authenticate(userName, pwd.toCharArray());
		}
	}
	
	/**
	 * 使用配置参数实例化
	 */
	public MongoManager() {
		this(MongoConfig.getDbName(), MongoConfig.getUserName(), MongoConfig.getPwd());
	}
	
	/**
	 * @param tableName
	 * @return
	 * @Date:2014-3-19  
	 * @Author:lulei  
	 * @Description: 获取表tableName的链接DBCollection
	 */
	public DBCollection getDBCollection(String tableName) {
		return db.getCollection(tableName);
	}
	
	/**
	 * @Date:2014-3-19  
	 * @Author:lulei  
	 * @Description: mongo连接池初始化
	 */
	private static void init() {
		if (MongoConfig.getHost() == null || MongoConfig.getHost().length == 0) {
			throw new NumberFormatException("host is null");
		}
		if (MongoConfig.getPort() == null || MongoConfig.getPort().length == 0) {
			throw new NumberFormatException("port is null");
		}
		if (MongoConfig.getHost().length != MongoConfig.getPort().length) {
			throw new NumberFormatException("host's length is not equals port's length");
		}
		try {
			//服务列表
			List<ServerAddress> replicaSetSeeds = new ArrayList<ServerAddress>();
			for (int i = 0; i < MongoConfig.getHost().length; i++) {
				replicaSetSeeds.add(new ServerAddress(MongoConfig.getHost()[i], MongoConfig.getPort()[i]));
			}
			//连接池参数设置
			MongoOptions options = new MongoOptions();
			options.connectionsPerHost = MongoConfig.getConnectionsPerHost();
			options.threadsAllowedToBlockForConnectionMultiplier = MongoConfig.getThreadsAllowedToBlockForConnectionMultiplier();
			mongo = new Mongo(replicaSetSeeds, options);
			//从服务器可读
			mongo.setReadPreference(ReadPreference.SECONDARY);
		} catch (Exception e){
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
}

下面通过一个简单的测试类,来看下如何使用这个连接池~

 /**  
 *@Description:   mongo测试
 */ 
package cn.lulei.mongo.test;  

import cn.lulei.mongo.pool.MongoConfig;
import cn.lulei.mongo.pool.MongoManager;
  
public class Test {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub 
		String[] host = {"127.0.0.1"};
		int[] port = {27001};
		MongoConfig.setHost(host);
		MongoConfig.setPort(port);
		MongoConfig.setDbName("novel");
		MongoManager mongoManager = new MongoManager();
		mongoManager.getDBCollection("chapter");
	}

}

在使用上述管理类时,只需要初始化MongoConfig类即可。对类MongoManager的实例话,既可以使用MongoConfig的配置也可以自己通过参数来设置,每次获取DBCollection 时,只需要调用 getDBCollection(String tableName)方法即可

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